News Details

World Alzheimer's Day 2022

Worldwide, around 55 million people have dementia, with over 60% living in low- and middle-income countries. As the proportion of older people in the population is increasing in nearly every country, this number is expected to rise to 78 million in 2030 and 139 million in 2050. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia and may contribute to 60-70% of cases. (WHO) Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is named after the German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer, who first described this disorder more than one century ago, is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder.

Rationale of Seminar

Currently, the gap is wide between the need for prevention, treatment and care for dementia and the actual provision of these services. Dementia is underdiagnosed worldwide, and, if a diagnosis is made, it is typically at a relatively late stage in the disease process. Long-term care pathways (from diagnosis until the end of life) for people with dementia are frequently fragmented if not entirely lacking. Lack of awareness and understanding of dementia is often to blame, resulting in stigmatization and barriers to diagnosis and care. People with dementia are frequently denied their human rights in both the community and care homes. In addition, people with dementia are not always involved in decision-making processes and their wishes and preferences for care are often not respected.

In both developed and developing nations, Alzheimer's disease has had tremendous impact on the affected individuals, caregivers, and society. The etiological factors, other than older age and genetic susceptibility, remain to be determined. Nevertheless, increasing evidence strongly points to the potential risk roles of vascular risk factors and disorders (eg, cigarette smoking, midlife high blood pressure and obesity, diabetes, and cerebrovascular lesions) and the possible beneficial roles of psychosocial factors (eg, high education, active social engagement, physical exercise, and mentally stimulating activity) in the pathogenetic process and clinical manifestation of the dementing disorders. The long-term multi-domain interventions toward the optimal control of multiple vascular risk factors and the maintenance of socially integrated lifestyles and mentally stimulating activities are expected to reduce the risk or postpone the clinical onset of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease.

General Objective:

To prevent Alzheimer disease
Secondary Objectives:
a. To raise awareness on risk factors of Alzheimer
b. To raise awareness on preventive measures of Alzheimer disease
Seminar Details:
A) Organizer : Department of Community Medicine, NAIHS-COM
B) Participants: Total 150 participants, (WHO, ARDS Nepal, Bijeshwori School, NAIHS first year students)
C) Date and Time : 2022 September 21, Time : 10:00-1:30PM
D) Format : PPT presentation , role play , poem and thematic dance
E) Presenters :
a. Prof. Dr. Lochana Shrestha, HOD Department of Community Medicine, NAIHS-COM
b. Prof Dr. Nidesh Sapkota, PAHS
c. Dr Bharat Khadka, SBH
d. Dr. Phanindra Prasad Baral, Chief, NCD, Mental Health, EDCD, DOHS


i. Learning on Introduction and risk factors of Alzheimer disease
ii. Learning on Present status of Alzheimer disease
iii Learning on prevention and treatment of Alzheimer disease
iv. Learning on screening of Alzheimer disease

Some Glimpse Of the Events:

Published Date: 12 Oct, 2022

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